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Sejdic and Finci v. Bosnia and Herzegovina (application nos. 27996/06 and 34836/06)

时间:2009-12-26      来源:本站      作者:admin      点击:
PROHIBITING A ROM AND A JEW FROM STANDING FOR ELECTION TO THE HOUSE OF PEOPLES OF THE PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY AND FOR THE STATE PRESIDENCY AMOUNTS TO DISCRIMINATION AND BREACHES THEIR ELECTORAL RIGHTS Violation of Article 14 (prohibition of

PROHIBITING A ROM AND A JEW FROM STANDING FOR ELECTION TO THE HOUSE OF PEOPLES OF THE PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY AND FOR THE STATE PRESIDENCY AMOUNTS TO DISCRIMINATION AND BREACHES THEIR ELECTORAL RIGHTS Violation of Article 14 (prohibition of discrimination) of the European Convention on Human Rights taken together with Article 3 of Protocol No. 1 (right to free elections), and Violation of Article 1 of Protocol No. 12 (general prohibition of discrimination) to the Convention.

 

Dervo Sejdic and Jakob Finci,是波斯尼亚和黑塞哥维那人,都居住在萨拉热窝,Dervo Sejdic有罗马尼亚籍贯,而Jakob Finci是犹太人。二人都是著名的公众人物。波斯尼亚宪法的序言将公民分为两类,第一类包括波斯尼亚人,克罗地亚人和塞尔维亚人,第二类包括犹太人、罗马尼亚人和其他少数族裔。只有第一类公民拥有被选举权。Dervo Sejdic和Jakob Finci上诉到欧洲人权法院,法院判决波斯尼亚和黑塞哥维那的宪法规定对公民存在明显的歧视,违反了欧洲人权公约的第12议定书的第1条(关于禁止种族歧视的规定)。

 

本案对于理解公民政治权利平等具有很高的研究价值。
 

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