项目简介Introduction
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项目简介Introduction

北京大学法学院人权硕士项目是由北京大学法学院人权与人道法研究中心和瑞典隆德大学罗尔·瓦伦堡人权与人道法研究所联合举办的中国大陆地区第一个硕士研究生层次的人权专业人才培训项目,也是中国大陆地区第一个常设的人权专业教育项目,是中国人权教育的时代性里程碑。中外双方关于这一项目的设想始于2002年。2003年经双方大学批准后,双方机构展开各项准备工作。2004年2月新学期之始,项目进入实质运转,并在2004年2月9日举办启动仪式暨开学典礼

 

项目的根本目的是为促进和保护中国的人权提供骨干专业人员,在北京大学研究生教育层次上促成人权学术项目机构化,并为未来中国其他大学和教研机构的类似项目提供范本。

 

项目每期为三个学期(自2011年改为一学年),基本思路是在北京大学的常规硕士研究生中招收20名项目学员(自2008年改为25名),为他们在北京大学法学院开设8门人权法相关的课程,学员在修读自身硕士专业的第一年内同时修读这些课程,在第三学期完成项目论文(自2011年不作要求)。在获得项目要求的12个学分并完成项目论文之后,项目学生将获得由北京大学法学院和罗尔·瓦伦堡人权与人道法研究所共同授予的结业证书。项目为学生和老师提供必要的学习和研究材料,并积极为学生寻找各种海内外实习机会。

 

瑞典国际发展署(SIDA)经由瓦伦堡研究所为项目提供资金支持,包括聘请一名外国客座教授常驻北京大学为项目开设两门用英语教授的课程,为项目提供必需的教学资料、项目办公设备和人员支持,以及为学生提供调研奖学金等。北京大学法学院人权与人道法研究中心负责项目其他课程的教学、项目日常管理和教学运作以及对客座教授提供教学支持等。

 

本项目受到了瑞典方面的高度重视,多位瑞典高级官员都曾来访北大,与人权硕士项目师生座谈。2008年4月,瑞典首相赖因费尔特先生在接受温家宝总理的邀请对中国进行正式友好访问时,还特意抽出一个小时与人权硕士项目师生交流,并对项目给予充分肯定,同时宣布为北大法学院资助并指派一名为期三年的访问教授。

 

项目(截至2012年)已招收9届学生,共200余人,其中已经有超过200名学员结业并取得证书,20余名学员在读。这些学生一半自于北京大学法学院,另一半学员分别来自新闻传播学院、国际关系学院、社会学系、光华管理学院、经济学院、政府管理学院、中文系、历史系、哲学系、外国语学院、工学院、物理学院、马克思主义学院等院系所。这些学员由北京大学法学院人权与人道法研究中心和瓦伦堡研究所先后从数千名申请者中选定,都具有较强的英语能力和人权保护领域相关的特长与研究兴趣。

 

项目开设课程包括四门项目必修课和四门选修课。必修课包括:人权与法治、国际人权宪章、国际人权保护机制和人权保护专题讲座;选修课包括商业与人权、少数者权利保护、地区人权保护机制和国际人道法,基本涵盖了国际人权保护体系的所有主要领域。项目课程的绝大部分都是第一次进入中国大学课堂,其中商业与人权课程更是全亚洲法学院的第一例。项目教学既注重培养学生的理论素养,也强调人权保护的实践领域。在日常教学的同时,项目还邀请多位国内外知名的法律、人权领域学者和实务工作者为项目学生开设讲座。目前为止,项目学生对于项目实施、教学质量等方面给予良好评价,很多项目外学生亦选修或旁听了项目课程。

 

人权硕士项目在中国强调法治并修宪保障人权的背景下,具有深刻现实意义。为人才培养的专业性和持续性考虑,本项目的发展目标是将目前的硕士“课程项目”发展成为一个独立的人权硕士专业,由国家提供资金和师资等基本支持,考虑到人权教育已经列入教育部为本科生开列的课程规划,这样一个纯粹的人权硕士项目应当是现实的需要。

 

未来中国人权保障事业的发展将为这些学生提供充足的就业机会。不仅外交部和各类学术机构需要这样的专门人才,法院、检察院、律师事务所和民间社团组织也将吸纳越来越多的人权专业人才。尤其是国际组织和联合国体系的人权机构目前仍然很少有中国输送的人权领域人才,而此项目的发展将必然强化这一人才后备库。

 

本项目的成果有赖于中国政府——尤其是教育部门和外交部门——对强化中国人权保护意识的国际和国内合作的持续支持。作为项目的主办方,北京大学法学院人权与人道法研究中心和瑞典隆德大学罗尔·瓦伦堡人权与人道法研究所呼吁中国教育部门和北京大学对本项目给予充分重视和更多投入。

 

 

 

A Brief Introduction to the Human Rights Master Program
The Research Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law,
Peking University Law School

 

The Peking University Law School (PULS) and the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Lund University, Sweden (RWI) have been cooperating in the field of human rights promotion and education since 1997. In 2002, the PULS Research Center for Human Rights (renamed Research Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law in 2008), China's first academic institution on human rights, developed a proposal for a human rights program for master's candidates to be implemented in cooperation with the RWI. The university approved of the adding a Research Direction in Human Rights within the current Master of International Law program at PULS. With financial support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA), the proposal was further developed and various preparations carried out in 2003. In February 2004, a 3-semester Research Direction in Human Rights for master students was launched at Peking University.

 

The objective of the program is to contribute to the establishment of a cadre of professionals skilled to work institutionally and individually for the promotion and protection of human rights in China, to contribute to the institutionalization of academic human rights Programs at the master level at the elite education institution in China, and to provide a model for similar initiatives at other Chinese universities.

 

The duration of the Program is three semesters. The preliminary plan is that each round of the Program enrolls 20 students (25 since 2008) from postgraduate students of Peking University. The Program is composed of eight courses. The Program students complete these courses while taking their own degree courses for the first school year, and write thesis in the third semester (not required since 2011). In order for the students to obtain a Program certificate jointly issued by PULS and RWI, 12 of the 36 credits required for a master degree at Peking University must be credits from the human rights. All Program students and teachers are given a set of four English language human rights textbooks at the beginning of each year. The Program students and teachers will be also provided with additional reading materials and books in Chinese and English in accordance with the reading requirements of each course. PULS has since 1998 received collections of English human rights literature from RWI as part of the Literature Acquisition project, providing a basic human rights library for the students and teachers.

 

Over 200 program students have been selected since 2004 among thousands of applicants from inter alia the Law School, the School of International Relations, Department of Sociology, Guanghua School of Management, School of Government, School of Economics, and School of Journalism and Communication. These Program students have high English proficiency and strong interest in human rights protection. Three groups of students will graduate from the Program within the framework of the 2004-2007 RWI Capacity Building Program. In the future, students from other universities in Beijing and other cities should also be able to apply for the Program, provided that matters such as credit recognition and thesis writing can be solved among the universities.

 

This Program is funded by SIDA through RWI. The SIDA grants cover the cost of the visiting professor who teaches four courses in English at Peking University, the cost of necessary teaching materials, office equipment and personnel support as well as a research stipend. PULS has the main responsibility for the management of the Program, including student admission and enrolment, schedules, teachers, classrooms, exams, tutoring, thesis defense, etc. RWI has a general advisory and supervisory responsibility as regards implementation and development of the Program.

 

On 9 February 2004 the opening ceremony of this Program was launched. Eight program courses has since then been regularly given to students, which include Human Rights and the Rule of Law, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Civil and Political Rights, International Human Rights Protection Mechanisms, Business and Human Rights, Regional Protection of Human Rights, Minority Rights Protection, Lecture Series on the Protection of Human Rights, and International Humanitarian Law. As the first institution that introduces human rights education in its curricula (since 1998), the Center provides the broadest human rights curriculum among Chinese universities and research institutions, with four courses given in English. Many students interested, though not within the Program, have also taken the above-mentioned courses as selective courses or audited them.

 

In addition to the regular courses, the Program has been inviting renowned scholars and practitioners in legal- or human rights-related fields to give lectures to the Program students. The lectures, together with reform and experimental measures in teaching, have achieved positive outcomes. Most Program students speak highly of the Program’s progress and its influence on individuals. Each summer, the Program will reach out to the international organizations, government agencies and domestic enterprises to get internship opportunities for the Program students during the vacation.

 

It is of profound practical relevance to launch the research direction on human rights while China has revised its constitution to better protect human rights. It is in this sense that this Program also marks the forefront of the reform in law education. However, practical obstacles are still to overcome to make the Program sustainable. The Peking University side has reached an agreement with RWI for independent and sustainable development of the Program, on the basis of which, from 2004 to 2007, SIDA provides the Program with the core fund while PULS gradually undertakes the responsibility of managing the Program and covering the entire financial cost.

 

With the development of human rights protection in China, career opportunities are open for graduates from the Program. Not only the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and academic and research institutes are looking for such talents, but also law firms and civil society will be in increasing need of professionals in the field of human rights. It is worth pointing out that there are few human rights professionals from China working at international organizations and human right agencies within the United Nations system. The development of this Program will certainly help build a candidate pool in this field.

 

 

>> 链接:

朱善璐:坚持对外开放,面向全球,走向世界,全面提升办学的国际化水平和质量

北京大学十二五规划:加强英文课程建设,营造多语种教学环境和课程平台

 

 

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