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【讲座】10.24 美国的儿童权利/儿童友好型司法

时间:2018-10-22 来源: 作者:

主题:美国的儿童权利/儿童友好型司法

主讲人:莱顿大学助理教授Stephanie Rap、少年法律中心共同创始人Bob Schwartz

主办方:北京大学人权与人道法研究中心

讲座时间:2018年10月24日(周三)晚6:40-8:30

讲座地点:北大二教421

 

StephanieRap, assistant professor in children’s rights, Department of Child Law, LeidenUniversity Law School, Leiden, the Netherlands

 

Stephanie Rap holds aMaster of Science degree in pedagogical sciences and a Master of Arts degree incriminology (cum laude), obtained at Utrecht University. In 2013, she defendedher Ph.D. dissertation titled ‘The participation of juvenile defendants in theyouth court’ at Utrecht University. Stephanie Rap’s academic interest lies inthe field of the effective participation of children in (legal) procedures. Stephaniestudies child participation in diverse (judicial) procedures and settings, such as in juvenile justice, child care and protection, asylum procedures andin schools. Sheemploys an interdisciplinary approach, combining international children’s rights and child lawwith knowledge and insights from criminology, pedagogical and behavioural sciences. Moreover, access to justice for children and the implementation ofrights in the daily lives of children plays an important role in her academicwork. In 2017, she obtained a grant from the Netherlands Organisation forScientific Research (NWO) to conduct a 3-year study on the participation ofrefugee children in asylum procedures in the Netherlands. Stephanie Rap haspublished and presented extensively on juvenile justice, children’s rights andchild participation. In her research, she has worked together with civilsociety organisations such as the International Juvenile Justice Observatory(IJJO), Fair Trials International, Missing Children Europe and the DutchChildren’s Ombudsman. She is a member of the editorial board of theDutch/Flemish journal for children’s rights (Tijdschrift voor Jeugd- enKinderrechten). Stephanie lectures in the LL.M.programme Advanced Studies in International Children’sRights on topics related to juvenile justice, child victims,trafficking and exploitation of children and child protection. For a full listof publications click here.Her key publications are:

 

Rap, S., & Zlotnik, D. (2018). Proceduralsafeguards for children in conflict with the law in Europe. Reflections on theEU Directive on procedural safeguards for children whoare suspects or accused persons in criminal proceedings. European Journal ofCrime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, 26, 110-131.

Daly, A.,& Rap, S. (2018). Children’s Participation in the Justice System. In U.Kilkelly & T. Liefaard (Eds.), InternationalHuman Rights of Children. Singapore: Springer. 

Rap, S.,& Liefaard, T. (2017). Right toInformation: Towards an Effective Legal Position for Children Deprivedof Liberty. Today’s children, tomorrow’s parents. An interdisciplinaryjournal (special issue on children deprived of liberty), 45-46,49-61.

Rap, S.(2016). A children’s rights perspective on the participation of juveniledefendants in the youth court. TheInternational Journal of Children’s Rights, 24(1), pp. 94-112.

Rap, S. (2015). The participation of social services in youth justicesystems in Europe. European

Journal of SocialWork, 18(5), pp.675–689.

 

Bob Schwartz co-founded Juvenile Law Center in 1975 and was its executive director from 1982 to 2015.  Juvenile Law Center was one of the first law offices for children in the United States to include social workers on staff with its legal team. 

 

In his career at Juvenile Law Center, Schwartz represented dependent and delinquent children in Pennsylvania juvenile and appellate courts; brought class-action litigation over institutional conditions and probation functions; testified in Congress before House and Senate committees; and spoke in over 30 states on matters related to children and the law.

 

Schwartz's career was not been limited to Pennsylvania, but included fighting nationally and internationally for youth’s rights. Schwartz chaired the American Bar Association's Commission on Youth at Risk from 2011-2013. From 1992-98 and 2006-08, he was chair of the Juvenile Justice Committee of the American Bar Association's Criminal Justice Section. In 1993 he also bhelped author a follow-up report on youth's access to quality lawyers, A Call for Justice. In 1993 he visited South Africa to help develop a legal system for children, and Yale’s China Law Center invited him to China in 2010 to speak to lawyers and judges in Beijing and Chongqing about sentencing of youth.

 

From 1996-2006, Schwartz was a member of the MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Adolescent Development and Juvenile Justice. As part of the Network, he co-edited Youth on Trial: A Developmental Perspective on Juvenile Justice (University of Chicago Press: 2000). From 1996-99 he was a gubernatorial appointee to the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency. From 1991 to 2012, he was a gubernatorial appointee to the Commission's Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Committee, which is the State Advisory Group that distributes federal funds in Pennsylvania and advises the governor regarding juvenile justice policy. Schwartz in 2005 became chair of the Advisory Committee to the Children's Rights Division of Human Rights Watch. From 2003-2012, Schwartz chaired the Board of the Philadelphia Youth Network.

 

Schwartz has been the recipient of numerous awards, including the Mark Hardin Award from the ABA Center on Children and the Law; Andrew Hamilton Award, presented by the Philadelphia Bar Association "for exemplary service in the public interest"; the Reginald Heber Smith Award, presented by the National Legal Aid and Defender Association; the Livingston Hall Award, presented by the American Bar Association; and the Stephen M. Cahn Award, presented by the National Association of Counsel for Children for career achievement; and the Haverford Award for service to humanity. Schwartz is a graduate of Temple University School of Law and of Haverford College, which in 2011 also awarded him an honorary degree.

 

After retiring from Juvenile Law Center in 2015, Schwartz served from 2016-17 as a Visiting Fellow at the Stoneleigh Foundation.  In 2016 he joined the board of the National Association of Counsel for Children.  In 2017 he became the Beck Chair in Law at Temple University Beasley School of Law.  

 
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